Rights, Duties and Benefits          
  Issue: May 2007  
All about Occupational Safety and Health (OSH)


What does OSH Standards mean?

OSH Standards are mandatory rules and standards set and enforced to eliminate or reduce occupational safety and health hazards in the workplace.

What is the purpose of OSH Standards?
OSH Standards aim to provide at least the minimum acceptable degree of protection that must be afforded to every worker in relation to the working conditions and dangers of injury, sickness or death that may arise by reason of his or her occupation. The provision of OSH Standards by the State is an exercise of the police power, with the intention of promoting the welfare and well-being of workers.
What are covered by the General OSH Standards?

All establishments, workplaces and other undertakings are covered, including agricultural enterprises whether operating for profit or not, except:

  • Residential places exclusively devoted to dwelling purposes;
  • Those directly engaged in land, sea and air transportation, except their dry dockers, garages, hangers and maintenance, and repair shops and offices;
  • The activities of a lessee regarding the safety of the mining claim or lease, including mines safety, mineral conservation and pollution in establishments or work places falling under mining industry.

Who enforces OSH Health Standards?
The Secretary of Labor and Employment, through the Regional Director or other authorized representative, enforces the OSH Standards in the exercise of victorial and enforcement powers.
What are the duties and responsibilities of the employers and the employees in relation to enforcement and compliance with OSH Standards in the workplace?
Duties of the employers

  • Adopt administrative policies on safety in accordance with the provisions of the Standards;
  • Report to the Regional Director or his/her duly authorized representative the policies adopted and the safety organization established;
  • Submit report to the Regional Director or his/her duly authorized representative once in every three months on the safety performance, safety committee meetings and its recommendations and measures taken to implement the recommendation;
  • Act on recommended safety measures;
  • Provide access to appropriate authorities.

Duties of the employees

  • Follow safety policies;
  • Report unsafe conditions and practices to the Supervisor;
  • Serve as member of the Health and Safety Committee;
  • Cooperate with Health and Safety Committee;
Assist government agencies in the conduct of safety and health inspection.

[Source: www.dole.gov.ph]